So the desired high-level separation between design and implementation is weakened. Making the inlined body of a function available for global optimization however can easily outweigh the cost of a more elaborate compilation scheme and of run-time type tests thrown into the code by the compiler and protecting an inlinable non-dispatched call  like in Static languages like Eiffel and Sather, whose compiler deals with a closed system of 10 switch x.
Efficient Method Dispatch in peL 14 The Boehm collector does not know about type tags and instance layout. All the usual forms of operator overloading are thus supported; in fact the mechanism unlike in most languages leaves considerable freedom in making up new operators, as may be needed in scientific and engineering applications.
Sather avoids many of the runtime tag checking operations that are done by less strongly typed languages. It does not however exclude accesses across package boundaries. Sather treats parent classes as if they were included in the child class. The parent code will not be called with self bound to a child instance, so that the compiler can take advantage of the child's data layout and inline many calls to self.
The required efficiency can only be reached by using implementation type information across module boundaries. As a class represents a set of run-time objects its instancesa feature is an operation on these objects.
These are quite different notions and confounding them often causes semantic problems. The Libraries The Sather libraries currently contain several hundred classes and new ones are continually being written.
This allows Sather to use the statically type-safe contravariant rule for routine argument conformance. In part, this is deliberate because of the wide variety of requirements imposed by different applications.
This is because we cannot arbitrarily drop dynamic type-checking without risking violations of the typing assumption that the compiler makes.
Different parallel architectures often require the use of different algorithms for optimal efficiency. The specification of Eiffel includes guidelines for displaying software texts in typeset formats: Sather has a rich programming environment based on GNU Emacs.
There is no nesting of feature and class declarations. We can obtain static typing in one part of the language only by dynamically typing in another part. An assignment proper can never be of the form a. Every class may in addition have one function aliased to "", the "bracket" operator, allowing the notation a [i, Acknowledgements Sather has adopted ideas from a number of other languages.
However it has the 'mark-and-sweep disadvantage' ofless frequent but larger pauses that make it less attractive for highly interactive programs. T is -- Return the top element and remove it. In addition, we believe that for object-oriented programming to be effective, classes must provide the following features: Yuri Leontiev The concept of an object-oriented database programming language OODBPL is appealing because it has the potential of combining the advantages of object orientation and database programming to yield a powerful and universal programming language design.
Commands, which modify an instance.
This history has forced some compromise decisions that probably would not have been made had the object-oriented aspects been a part of the design of the language from the start. Consider a visualization package that displays data on a certain kind of display by calling display interface routines.
In some compilers this is the only form of tuple, as tags were introduced with the ECMA standard. Sather Language Design and Performance Evaluation. Meyer has argued  that such overloading is useless, damages readability, and complicates the language mechanism needlessly.
There is a tension between subtypes and inheritance. The completed ANSI standard adds to the broad acceptability of the language. Because the C conditional statement "ifSather is an object oriented language which designed to be simple, efficient, safe, and non-proprietary.
It aims to meet the needs of modern research groups and to foster the development of a large, freely available, high-quality library of efficient well-written classes for a wide variety of computational tasks.
To use the expressive. Religion. in any language.
an introduction to sather an object oriented language Major holidays. undeserved destiny and is INTRODUCTION: "KNOW YOURSELF" CHAPTER I: THE REVELATION OF GOD'S WISDOM Jesus. Many object oriented languages have only weak typing or no typing at all.
Sather, on the other hand, is "strongly typed". This means that every Sather object and every Sather variable has a specified type and that there are precise rules defining the types of object that each variable can hold. Object-oriented language (OOL) is a high-level computer programming language that implements objects and their associated procedures within the programming context to create software programs.
GNU Sather  is an object oriented programming language that was originally branched off from Eiffel, [ ] but it has been changed in so many ways since that it must be regarded as an independent language.
Object-orientation is what’s referred to as a programming paradigm. It’s not a language itself but a set of concepts that is supported by many languages. If you aren’t familiar with the concepts of object-orientation, you may take a look at The Story of Object-Oriented Programming.Download