Diffusion of human societies

Today in mountainous Lesotho, many farmers are shifting from maize to potato, assisted by an FAO project for production of virus-free seed tubers. Hunter-gatherer tribes settled around seasonal food stocks to become agrarian villages. According to Thompsonthese generalizations are as follows: The Mesopotamians faced various challenges, which also contributed to the civilization.

The University of North Carolina.

Trans-cultural diffusion

Explanations, as to why groups assimilate at different rates, have largely been the underlying reasons for acculturation and assimilation studies Thompson That meant they were highly vulnerable: However, as food stores improved and women took on lesser roles in providing food for the family, they increasingly became subordinate to men.

The chariot diffused fast to other human societies all over the world, mainly because it had become an efficient military weapon Publins, A society that is unable to offer an effective response to other societies it competes with will usually be subsumed into the culture of the competing society.

Western world The development of the Western world has brought with it the emerging concepts of Western culturepolitics, and ideas, often referred to simply as "Western society".

Milton Gordon proposed that assimilation can be described as a series of stages through which an individual must pass. Cities turned into city-states and nation-states. The potato has an extraordinarily rich past, and Diffusion of human societies bright future.

Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Society - Essay Example

The need for mobility also Diffusion of human societies the size of these societies. An example would be the forced Christianization of the indigenous peoples of the Americas by the Spanish, French, English and Portuguese, or the forced Islamization of West African peoples by the Fula or of the Nuristanis by the Afghans.

A system of rulers with high social status also appeared. The Irish catastrophe led to concerted efforts to develop more productive and disease-resistant varieties.

The potato came into its own as a snack food. Between andlate blight destroyed three potato crops, leading to famine that caused the deaths of one million people. The Biblical theory of human social origin was taken for granted in Renaissance thought 14th centuryth century. Evolutionism eventually became linked to the idea of independent invention and the related notion that contact between preindustrial cultures was minimal Hugill Some societies bestow status on an individual or group of people when that individual or group performs an admired or desired action.

The family forms the main social unitwith most members being related by birth or marriage. Indirect diffusion happens when traits are passed from one culture through a middleman to another culture, without the first and final cultures being in direct contact.

As in pastoral societies, surplus food can lead to inequalities in wealth and power within horticultural political systems, developed because of the settled nature of horticultural life.

Within this framework was a grouping of cultures from various parts of the world in an evolutionary scheme, which was basically the very familiar sequences of "stages" progressing from hunter-gatherer, to horticulturalists, to pastoralists, and ending with complex stratified civilization Harris The estates of the realm system of feudalism was often multigenerational; the families of peasants may have cultivated their lord's land for generations.

Post-industrial society Post-industrial societies are societies dominated by information, services, and high technology more than the production of goods. Contemporary usage[ edit ] The term "society" is currently used to cover both a number of political and scientific connotations as well as a variety of associations.

For the tubers that were being cloned and cultivated across North America and Europe belonged to a few, genetically similar varieties.

U.S. & World History Geography And The Development/Diffusion Of Human Society

A more expanded definition depicts diffusion as the process by which discrete culture traits are transferred from one society to another, through migration, trade, war, or other contact Winthrop Industrial societies Between the 15th and 16th centuries, a new economic system emerged that began to replace feudalism.

He developed criteria by which the formal, non-functional characteristics of objects could be compared, because it would be unlikely that these characteristics would have been simultaneously invented Barnard Pastoral society Pastoralism is a slightly more efficient form of subsistence.

He promoted the idea that culture probably "originated independently more than once, owing to the psychic similarity of man the world over see psychic unity of mankindbut that actual historical development involved numerous instances of cultural diffusion, or inheritance from a common tradition" Bidney Society, or human society, is a group of people related to each other through persistent relations, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or virtual territory, subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.

Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Societies Lori Fabre’ Essay Sample Part A: The Nile River is a significant geographical feature that contributed to the development of Egyptian society.

Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Society Introduction History is often filled with discussions of great battles and conquests, vast migrations.

Geography and the Development - Diffusion of Human Societies. Autor: Sharon • December 3, • Words (4 Pages) • 46 Views. Page 1 of 4 The second factor is the Potato Famine that began in Ireland around the same time as the California Gold Rush.

Potatoes were the main food source in Ireland at the time in a country that was.

Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Societies Lori Fabre’ Essay Sample

In cultural anthropology and cultural geography, cultural diffusion, as conceptualized by Leo Frobenius in his /98 publication Der westafrikanische Kulturkreis, is the spread of cultural items—such as ideas, styles, religions, technologies, languages—between individuals, whether within a single culture or from one culture to another.

By then, the Industrial Revolution was transforming agrarian society in the United Kingdom, displacing millions of rural people into crowded cities. In the new urban environment, the potato became the first modern "convenience food" - energy-rich, nutritious, easy to grow on small plots, cheap to purchase, and ready to cook without expensive processing.

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Diffusion of human societies
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