Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology: The integration of various theoretical perspectives in clinical psychology allows the therapist to afford the broadest potential for successful change within the individual. According to humanists, the role of the therapist is to bring out these built-in mechanisms by using such tools as congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathetic understanding.
The guidelines of all the specific techniques and strategies embrace the general assumption that the family unit contains the dysfunction causing the OCD, and issues are not exclusive to the identified individual Plante, Psychologist have become more integrating with their perspective preference and less rigid to one particular theoretical approach.
By entering into a discussion with the imagined person, conflicts are more easily resolved. The therapist helps the client identify and understand problems as a reaction to present and past issues.
The goal of the family systems approach is to improve communication between family members, and bring attention to the whole family instead of the problems on one individual within the family. Active listening is when the therapist listens intensely to the patient using reflection, summaries, and paraphrasing, in addition to other techniques.
Nathan and Gorman found the interventions were as effective used alone as in combination with other behavioral techniques such as relaxation training. Several techniques are using in the family systems approach such as reframing, paradoxical intention, joining, enmeshing, and disengagement.
Journal Major approaches to clinical psychology Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71 6 The Id is the most basic and instinctual of all components of personality. The cognitive-behavioral approach tends to focus on observable and non-observable behavior learned through conditioning Plante, Anxiety disorders and phobias: Unconditional positive regard is the full acceptance of the thoughts and emotions of the patient.
The goal of humanistic therapy for OCD is to create an appropriate environment by which the patient will be able to develop, mature, and evolve, and as a result continue the process in healthy development Dombeck, The approach has since been challenged, broadened, and adapted.
It uses classical and operant conditioning as explanations for many types of behavior. Joining is when the therapist becomes involved and apart of the family unit rather than an observer.
Cognitive Behavioral Cognitive behavioral approaches CBT to clinical psychology combine ideas developed by cognitive therapists and rational emotive behavior therapists.
The goals of the family support systems approach to therapy include improved communication and a de-emphasis on the problems of a single individual over the family unit as a whole Plante, Retrieved August 15,from http: According to Fraum"the fundamental issues that drive these symptoms include fear of rejection or abandonment, as well as interpersonal issues regarding intimacy, sex, control, power or other problems in their relationship" para.
The Family Systems Approach The family systems approach attempts to utilize the family as a whole to treat problematic behavior and emotions.
These mechanisms help the affected individual manage anxiety-provoking impulses and thoughts. Emotional processes in psychotherapy: Empathy conveys to the patient that he or she is being heard as well as understood.
Conclusion Obsessive-compulsive disorder is complex and different for each individual suffering from the disorder.
Humanism is committed to a paradigm that emphasizes the human ability "to be consciously reflective and have the ability to experience self-determination and freedom" Plante,p. Thought stopping is using behavioral queues to stop thoughts and insert more positive thoughts in their place.
If a response causes disordered patterns, a change in response is necessary Phillipson, n. Cognitive therapists teach strategies and perspectives for responding to the challenges that life has to offer so that individuals can gain a greater sense of self-efficacy i.
The family systems approach includes the family as a whole in the observation and treatment process without focusing directly on the patient suffering from OCD. Retrieved August 15,from http: The goal of family systems therapy is to treat the whole family and reduce the dysfunction affecting all the members, but more severely expressed by the identified family member.
The guidelines of all the specific techniques and strategies embrace the general assumption that the family unit contains the dysfunction causing the OCD, and issues are not exclusive to the identified individual Plante, Disengagement is the detachment of a family member in an attempt to avoid emotional involvement.
According to Wheltondepth of experience in psychotherapy is positively related to outcome. National Institutes of Health. A guide to treatments that work 2nd ed. Behavioral contract is a document formed between therapist and client outlining behavioral consequences. There are several techniques used in the cognitive-behavioral approach such as contingency management, counterconditioning, exposure, behavioral contract, participant modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and thought stopping.
Freud based his theory on the fact that our personality is composed of the Id, the Ego, and the Superego Corey, Approaches to Clinical Psychology PSY October 25, Approaches to Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology involves the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses that affect human behavior (Plante, ).
There are many approaches to clinical psychology; the four major approaches are in psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems. Using the four major approaches contributes to the effectiveness in treatment by identifying the goals of each approach/5(1).
Compare and contrast the major approaches to clinical psychology psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems in relation to the disorder.
Different approaches to psychotherapy Psychologists generally draw on one or more theories of psychotherapy. A theory of psychotherapy acts as a roadmap for psychologists: It guides them through the process of understanding clients and their problems and developing solutions.
May 13, · Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology Obsessive-compulsive disorder will be defined and examined in relation to psychological approaches: psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems. Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior, and psychiatric problems.
This field integrates the science of psychology with the treatment of complex human problems, making it an exciting career choice for people who are looking to work in a challenging and rewarding field.Download